Dr. V Raghavan, an outstanding scholar of the 20th century believed that Bharata Natya is a form of authentic Indian dance art, the antiquity of which goes to Rigvedic hymns and even Mohenjodaro times. He asserts that it was the same dance that Arjuna taught the Virata princess in Mahabaratha, it was the same dance that Malavika danced in Kalidasa's play and Madhavi in Silappadhikaram. Ajanta, Amaravati, Sittanavasal and Tanjore paintings are visual representations of the same dance.
('Remembering Dr. V Raghavan' by TK Venkatasubramanian, Nartanam, May – Aug 2008)

Hallisaka is a circular dance, in the manner of Krishna’s dance with the gopis. The circular dance of girls is one of the most widely prevalent folk dances in all parts of the country: the garba of Gujarat, the achiyarkuravai of ancient Tamil classics, the kummi, kolattam and kudichcupattu of Tamilnadu and the kaikottikali of Malabar are all varieties of hallisaka.
('Uparupakas and Nritya-Prabhandas' by Dr. V Raghavan, Nartanam, May – Aug 2008)

Jayappa speaks of the Kanduka nritta – the dance with the playing of the ball - as a group dance in which the women, besides beating the ball on the ground, threw and exchanged the ball and ran to catch it.

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