The maddalam weighs between 10 and 20 kg, so keeping rhythm throughout the performance, requires stamina.

Thyagaraja's 'Nowka Charitram' and 'Prahlada Bhakti Vijayam,' Gopalakrishna Bharati's 'Nandanar Charitram' and Arunachala Kavi's 'Rama Natakam' are some of the famous musical operas in Carnatic music.

Proficiency in sword dance and its basic footwork is part of the fundamental physical discipline of Chhau dance. Some of the best Chhau dancers have also been outstanding experts in sword play called Pari-khanda (Pari-shield, Khanda-sword).

Did 'U' Know - Monthwise listing