A terracotta sculpture from the Sunga period (2nd to 1st century BC) depicts Shiva as Veena Dakshinamoorthy, emphasising his role as a teacher of performing arts, including dance.

Carnatic vocalist MD Ramanathan adopted the mudra 'Varadadasa' as he was a great admirer of his guru Tiger Varadachariar.

Kirtanas were born in the 14th century when the Talapakkam composers created them with pallavi, anupallavi and charanam. The Kriti is a highly refined form that evolved from the Kirtana.

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