Uday Shankar had no male dancer in his troupe till 1935, when he brought Kathakali dancer Madhavan from south India. Madhavan did tribal or warrior roles.

The Jain Canons, which were compiled between the 4th century BC and 5th century AD provide interesting material on dance. Adinatha, also known as Rishaba, the earliest spiritual head of the Jains, apparently saw the performance of a dancing girl from Indra’s court and this so impressed him, it is stated that he determined to find his way to heaven.
(‘Traditions of Indian classical dance,’ Mohan Khokar, chapter ‘Down the centuries’)

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