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A  popular raga is Bhairavi (the consort of Bhairav or the fearsome form of Siva). True to its name, it can enchant or mystify through its apparently soft contours. It is capable of creating all the rasas associated with raga music. Compared to Durga and Bhairavi, Narayani and Eeshwari are lesser known. All are different names of Durga, denoting different moods of the goddess. Similarly, each of these ragas etches a different character.
Pt. Ravi Shankar invented a set of five distinctly different Eeshwaris: Parameshwari, Kameshwari, Jogeshwari, Gangeshwari and Rageshwari. But apart from Parameshwari and Jogeshwari, the rest are almost forgotten.
('Spirituality in abstraction' by Meena Banerjee, The Hindu Friday Review, Sept 25, 2020)

The devotional element of a raga also relies on certain rhythmic cycles. Chautal and jhaptal exude power, while rupak and jhumra signify a desolate mood and dhamar spouts euphoria. The slow tempo of teental, ektal, jhumra and several other talas provide a wide canvas for peaceful and meditative elaboration - as exemplified by Ustad Amir Khan’s music.
('Spirituality in abstraction' by Meena Banerjee, The Hindu Friday Review, Sept 25, 2020)


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